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The Nexus of Energy Supply and Human Health

The Nexus of Energy Supply and Human Health

Uses of main primary energy resources, such as coal, oil, and solid biomass, are directly linked with adverse impacts on human health. Air pollution emitted from various activities in the energy supply chains is the main risk factor to human health, along with accidental and occupational risk exposures. Estimates of premature deaths are over four

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More Power to India: The Challenge of Distribution

Two decades after the liberalization of India’s economy and a decade after the passage of the forward-looking Electricity Act of 2003, how has India’s power sector done? This World Bank review of India’s power sector assesses progress in implementing the government’s reform agenda and examines the sector along different dimensions—achievements in access, the financial and

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Achieving Energy Savings by Intelligent Transportation Systems Investments in the Context of Smart Cities

Faced with the challenge of providing adequate transport services with limited resources, cities have, for several decades, been investing in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). ITS utilize Information and Communications Technology (ICT) to make more efficient use of existing transport infrastructure with the aim of improving transport services and reducing congestion, accidents, and air pollution. In

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Who Uses Electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa? Findings from Household Surveys

Analysis of household expenditure surveys since 2008 in 22 Sub-Saharan African countries shows that one-third of all people use electricity. As expected, users are disproportionately urban and rich. In communities with access to electricity, lack of affordability is the greatest barrier to household connection. Lifeline rates enabling the poor to use grid electricity vary in

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Electricity Connections and Firm Performance in 183 Countries

This paper presents new data on electricity connections for businesses in 183 economies. The data cover information on procedures, time, and cost that a small or medium size business with a moderate electricity need has to invest to obtain a new electricity connection. The study finds significant variation in the time and cost to obtain

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Why Has Energy Efficiency Not Scaled-up in the Industrial and Commercial Sectors in Ukraine?

Improvement of energy efficiency is one of the main options to reduce energy demand and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Ukraine. However, large scale deployment of energy efficient technologies has been constrained by several financial, technical, information, behavioral, and institutional barriers. This study assesses these barriers through a survey of 500 industrial and commercial

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