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Rural Electrification Concessions in Africa: What Does Experience Tell Us?

Rural Electrification Concessions in Africa: What Does Experience Tell Us?

To extend the educational, economic, and health-related benefits of electricity to more people, African governments are working to increase the scale and pace of rural electrification, often in partnership with international donors guided by the international Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) Initiative. SE4All, a partnership of the United Nations, the World Bank, and the International

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Improving Renewable Energy and Access to Electricity.

Energy is a cross-cutting sector which affects all households, businesses, and industries in Papua New Guinea. The demand for electricity on the Port Moresby grid has grown rapidly in recent years and is predicted to continue for several years to come. Effective development of a sustainable energy sector providing increased electricity access and more reliable

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Confronting the Food-Energy-Environment Trilemma

Economic, agronomic, and biophysical drivers affect global land use, so all three influences need to be considered in evaluating economically optimal allocations of the world’s land resources. A dynamic, forward looking optimization framework applied over the course of the coming century shows that although some deforestation is optimal in the near term, in the absence

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Oil Price Volatility, Economic Growth and the Hedging Role of Renewable Energy

This paper investigates the adverse effects of oil price volatility on economic activity and the extent to which countries can hedge against such effects by using renewable energy. By considering the Realized Volatility of oil prices, rather than following the standard approach of considering oil price shocks in levels, the effects of factor price uncertainty

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Biogas: Clean Energy Access with Low-Cost Mitigation of Climate Change

With data from the nearly 6,000 households in the Nepal Living Standards Survey of 2010–11, this paper finds that the mean reduction in household firewood collection associated with use of a biogas plant for cooking is about 1,100 kilograms per year from a mean of about 2,400 kilograms per year. This estimate is derived by

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The Economics of Policy Instruments to Stimulate Wind Power in Brazil

Large-scale deployment of renewable energy technologies, such as wind power and solar energy, has been taking place in industrialized and developing economics mainly because of various fiscal and regulatory policies. An understanding of the economy-wide impacts of those policies is an important part of an overall analysis of them. Using a perfect foresight computable general

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Sustainability of Solar Electricity: The Role of Endogenous Resource Substitution and Market Mediated Responses

This study seeks to understand how materials scarcity and competition from alternative uses affects the potential for widespread deployment of solar electricity in the long run, in light of related technology and policy uncertainties. Simulation results of a computable partial equilibrium model predict a considerable expansion of solar electricity generation worldwide in the near decades,

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Pathways toward Zero-Carbon Electricity Required for Climate Stabilization

This paper covers three policy-relevant aspects of the carbon content of electricity that are well established among integrated assessment models but under-discussed in the policy debate. First, climate stabilization at any level from 2 to 3°C requires electricity to be almost carbon-free by the end of the century. As such, the question for policy makers

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